Endometrial CancerCancer » Endometrial Cancer
Uterus is a pear shaped female sexual organ or can say the reproductive organ. The endometrial cancer occurs in the uterus so the cancer is also known as uterine cancer. The cancer generally originated in the tissues of the womb. Endometrial cancer mostly begins just after the menopause. The actual origin of uterus cancer is in the endometrium, so the cancer is known as endometrial carcinoma.
- Excess of estrogen hormone
- Uneven menopause
- Diabetes or hypertension
Endometrial Cancer Symptoms
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Abnormal menstrual period
- Pain in lower abdomen
- Discharge after menopause
- Feeling lump in uterus
- Change in size of uterus
Endometrial Cancer Types
- Papillary serous carcinoma
- Clear cell carcinoma
Endometrial Cancer Diagnosis
- Pelvic examination
- Biopsy: A small dissection is done through needle to known the stage and exact location of the tumor.
- Blood test
- Physical examination
- Transvaginal ultrasound
- CT scan
- MRI tests
Endometrial Cancer Treatments
All the treatments given to any type of cancer are depending only on its stage, size and location.
- Surgery: In surgery the local anesthesia is applied on the patient and then the doctor can remove the entire tumor or all the cancerous cells present in the vagina. The surgery in such type of cancer includes three methods, they are mentioned below:
- Vaginal hysterectomy: In such type of resection the entire uterus is removed. This surgery is done only when the tumor is spread deeper in the uterus.
- Abdomen hysterectomy: When the uterus and cervix both are removed by a small cut in the abdomen then this abdomen hysterectomy therapy is used.
- Laparoscopic hysterectomy: When the above procedure is done by using laparoscope then the therapy is called as laparoscopic hysterectomy.
- Radiation therapy: The therapy is also known as radio therapy that uses high energy rays to kill or destroy the tumor. Radiation therapy is also used to shrink the tumor.
- External radiation therapy: The therapy uses machine placed externally to send the radioactive beams on to the tumor.
- Internal radiation therapy: This therapy uses needles, wires, seeds, etc to place the radiation just near to the cancerous cells.
- Hormone therapy: The hormone therapy is used to remove the hormones which are responsible for the growth of abnormal cancerous cells. if the hormones are not removed then the therapy can block the action of functioning of such infected hormones.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to remove the tumor. The chemotherapy can be given alone or in combination with any of the above mentioned therapies.